The exact fate of Apollodotus is unknown, but he seems to have extended the conquests east into Gandhara and western Punjab. After the Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC), Greece had fallen under a Spartan hegemony, in which Sparta was pre-eminent but not all-powerful. Like most Roman peace treaties of the period, the resultant 'Peace of Flaminius' was designed utterly to crush the power of the defeated party; a massive indemnity was levied, Philip's fleet was surrendered to Rome, and Macedon was effectively returned to its ancient boundaries, losing influence over the city-states of southern Greece, and land in Thrace and Asia Minor. This period also marks the beginning of the obfuscation of Greco-Bactrian history. of or relating to the architecture of Greece and Greek territories from the late 3rd century through the 1st century b.c., characterized by deviations of various sorts from the proportions and arrangements of the mature Greek orders, particularly in the attenuation of the Doric order, and by … Last modified April 28, 2011. Instead of contemplating and debating ideals, logic, extinguished emotion, or consumma… Some areas of the conquered world were more affected by the Greek and especially Macedonian influences than others. As mentioned by Peter Green, numerous factors of conquest have been merged under the term Hellenistic Period. The events which, in retrospect, marked the beginning of the end for the Hellenistic kingdoms could have been avoided; even if it seems likely that a collision between them and Rome would have ultimately occurred. It can be argued that some of the changes across the Macedonian Empire after Alexander's conquests and during the rule of the Diadochi would have occurred without the influence of Greek rule. ), "Cultural links between India and the Greco-Roman world", Waterloo Institute for Hellenistic Studies, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hellenistic_period&oldid=497440939, incorporated a part of the Roman Province of. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. However, Macedon had a relatively strong and centralised government, and compared to most Greek states, directly controlled a large area. Green, P. Rubicon: Triumph and Tragedy in the Roman Republic. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Widespread Roman interference in the Greek world was probably inevitable given the general manner of the ascendency of the Roman Republic. [8] The Romans, also allied with the Aetolian League of Greek city-states (which resented Philip's power), thus declared war on Macedon in 200 BC, starting the Second Macedonian War. Demetrius possibly died about 180 BC; numismatic evidence suggest the existence of several other kings shortly thereafter. During this time, Greek cultural influence and power was at its zenith in Europe and Asia. At around the same time, the re-emergence of a native Persian dynasty under the Parthian king Arsaces effectively cut the nascent Greco-Bactrian kingdom off from the rest of the Seleucid empire. The focus on the Hellenistic period over the course of the 19th century by scholars and historians has led to an issue common to the study of historical periods; historians see the period of focus as a mirror of the period in which they are living. As mentioned, Apollodotus made himself king of 'India' in around 170 BC. The Hellenistic Age (A Short History). Although they initially resisted, allying themselves with Pyrrhus of Epirus, and defeating the Romans at several battles, the Greek cities were unable to maintain this position and were absorbed by the Roman republic. This ended with a decisive Roman victory at the Battle of Cynoscephalae (197 BC). Contact Us Hellenistic age definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. In 305 BC, he declared himself King Ptolemy I, later known as "Soter" (saviour). Hellenistic is listed in the World's largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms Hellenistic - What does Hellenistic stand for? Everything you always wanted to know Hellenistic period definition The Hellenistic period was the last stage of Hellenic art (Alexandrian art) and is generally thought to have started with the end of Alexander the Great's reign. Hellenistic Period. Desultory conflicts with Thebes and Athens continued for another decade, but in 338 BC Philip defeated a Theban and Athenian army at the Battle of Chaeronea. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. The opening line of any book should say, in the words of Stephen King, “Listen. By about 281 BC, the situation had stabilised, resulting in four major domains: Ptolemy, a somatophylax, one of the seven bodyguards who served as Alexander the Great's generals and deputies, was appointed satrap of Egypt after Alexander's death in 323 BC. 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