We will use the example word esophagogastroduodenoscopy. B.Implications for nursing—need to obtain consent to treat, with special provisions when clients are underage, unconscious, or mentally ill. HiI need some help with legal terms in relation to nursing care and how they relate to enrolled nurses. In some cases of patients suffering from Alzheimer’s or dementia, they may attempt to leave the facility. Predominately used for transportation to and from appointments, shopping, and hospital visits. This will give you a detailed understanding of the law as it relates to nursing. by the presence in the body of bacteria, protozoans, viruses, or other parasites. Promise or agreement between 2 or more persons for the performance of an action or restraint from certain actions. Over time, more noted problems with language skills, reasoning and overall cognitive ability may develop. The wound will look like a fairly deep crater, black at its edges. Frozen joints – Adhesive capsulitis is a painful disorder that results from the chronic inflammation, scarring, thickening and shrinkage or the capsule that surrounds the involved joint, classically occurring in the shoulders or the knees. Declaratory judgment – A statutory remedy for judicial determination of a controversy where plaintiff is in doubt about his legal rights. Most long-term care is custodial care. Pinterest. The nurse doesn’t have authority to accept oral consent (malpractice). Pain and suffering – An element of damages recoverable for a personal injury case related to the pain experienced subsequent to an injury and/or related medical treatment. Flesh eating bacteria – Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rare infection of the deeper layers of skin and subcutaneous tissues, easily spreading across the fascial plane within the subcutaneous tissue; type I describes a polymicrobial infection, whereas type II describes a monomicrobial infection; causes include Group A streptococcus, staphylococcus gureus, vibrio yulnificus, clostridium perfringens, bacteroides fragilis; infections such as there are more likely to occur in people with compromised immune systems. Restraint – Physically stopping a person from moving; holding the person down, tying them to the bed for safety to themselves. Many instances of nursing home neglect result in serious injury or death of a patient and give way to a lawsuit against the facility. Conversely, it may require him to perform an act which he is obligated to perform but refuses to do. The body makes its own enzyme, collagenase, to break down collagen, one of the major building blocks of the skin. It differs from forms of temporary relief, such as a temporary restraining order or preliminary injunction. An amount of money may be awarded to the successful party (and may be recoverable from the losing party) as reimbursement for court costs. Written document that addresses treatment desires in the future if unable to make decisions, Specifically identifies treatment desires. A. Definitions 1. Hemorrhage – Bleeding or the abnormal flow of blood. It is imperative they have a sound understanding of various ethical, legal and professional issues they will face during their careers. Affirmative defense – A defense raised in a responsive pleading (answer) relating a new matter as a defense to the complaint; affirmative defenses might include contributory negligence or estopped in civil actions; in criminal cases insanity, duress, or self-defense might be used. Whether you are using a reference book or treating an English-speaking patient, these words are for you. Fracture – A break in bone or cartilage. … Noun: 1. nursing - the work of caring for the sick or injured or infirm DVT mainly affects the large veins in the lower leg and thigh. Examples of an advance directive for health care includes: Health Care Power of Attorney, Living Will or Durable Power of Attorney. Please contact us at 1-800-267-3390 should you have any questions concerning this topic. Peripheral neuropathy – disruption in the communication between the nerves and the spinal cord; the results of this can be numbness, pain, decrease in sensation and no control of muscles. Closed head injury – Trauma in which the brain is injured as a result of a blow to the head, or a sudden, violent motion that causes the brain to knock against the skull; nothing actually penetrates the brain. Written instructions that are recognized under state law and related to the provision of such care when the individual is capacitated. Negotiation – The process of submission and consideration of offers until an acceptable offer is made and accepted. Food poisoning – Food poisoning occurs when you swallow food or water that contains bacteria, parasites, viruses, or toxins made by these germs. Federal supplement – Books which gives the government certain control and power to regulate discharge of pollutants into the nation’s waters in an effort to achieve clean waters. Paraplegic – A person with the inability to have use of the lower extremities function secondary to an impairment in motor and/or sensory function; Paraplegia is the result of a spinal cord injury or a congenital condition. Asphyxiation – The condition of being deprived of oxygen (breathing stopped); suffocation. Usually adult day care facilities are open during normal business hours and most seniors have another type of caregiver when not in the program. (See also guardianship.). Spend down – A provision in Medicare and Medicaid programs that an individual use up their personal assets to meet eligibility requirements. Case law – Law established by previous decisions of State Courts, Appellate Courts, Federal Court or the United States Supreme Court. Respite care – A relief in caring for a family member who usually needs total care by others or to live in a residential facility outside of the home; this care is short-term. Stories or photographs of a patient given out with out specific written consent(libel). Advanced Medical Care Directive . iThese d… Cervical fracture – “Broken neck”, there are seven cervical vertebrae (neck bones) in the human neck, and the fracture of any can be catastrophic; abnormal movement of bones or pieces of bone can cause spinal cord injury resulting in loss of sensation, paralysis, or death. Legislation – The act of giving or enacting laws; the power to make laws via legislation in contrast to court-made laws. Jurisdiction – The power or authority of a court to hear and try a case; the geographic area in which a court has power or the types of cases it has power to hear. Depending on the circumstances, a nursing home injury may give way to a legal … Study Flashcards On Legal Terms for Nursing at Cram.com. Dependent – One who derives existence and support from another. Diversity of citizenship – The condition when the party on one side of a lawsuit is a citizen of one state and the other party is a citizen of another state; such cases are under the jurisdiction of federal courts. Prima facie case – A case that is sufficient and has the minimum amount of evidence necessary to allow it to continue in the judicial process. 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